日本語だけで! Getting by in only Japanese!(a Yasuke Tip)

TABLE OF CONTENTS 目次
Explanation 説明
ネイティブのように (like a “native”)

もの
things

こと
movement, feelings, situations
それは何だっけ?
_は日本語で何だっけな

せつめい Explanation

かんたんに make it simple

会話で意味をスムーズに伝えるというテーマについて少し話したいと思います。

外国語で意味を伝えるためには、まず伝えたい内容を簡単にする必要があります。(単純化する)

意外に思えるかもしれませんが、単純化するのは簡単な事ではありません。まず最初に頭の中で何を伝えたいのかはっきりさせる必要があります。そしてその基本的な意味を簡単な言葉で伝える事が出来ます。

気をつけなければならないのは、母国語の表現から直接訳したり、複雑な言い回しを用いたりしないという事です。

I want to say a few words about conveying meaning in conversation.
First off, the goal is to make your words simple so your meaning can be readily understood.
But simple is not always easy. It takes work.
First you will need to think clearly about the meaning that you want to express; “what is my idea at its most basic form?”
And then you want to express that idea in the simple clear vocabulary.
Instead of trying to translate expressions from your mother tongue or use complex language, use the simple words and phrases you know in the target language to get as close to the idea you want to express as possible.

ネイティブのように Like a “native”

Language is about acquisition and imitation. Acting.
If you had no other language but Japanese (if you didn’t know English for example), how would you acquire Japanese?
You would have to point and ask what things are.
You would have to act out actions/feelings/etc and ask what they are called.

With that in mind, consider the following:

2) もの
Pointing and ask what things are –

それはどいうものですか? (What type of thing is that [thing]? or “what is that called?”)

この長いものはなんですか? (What are these long objects?)

3) こと (or
Acting it out –
こうやってすることは何というですか? (What is this action called?)

それは何というですか?(What is that called?)

Bonus Material

About Total Physical Response (by James Asher)

Asher made three hypotheses based on his observations: first, that language is learned primarily by listening; second, that language learning must engage the right hemisphere of the brain; and third, that learning language should not involve any stress.

 

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